Located about thirty kilometers southwest of Puerto Montt, many archaeological excavations have been carried out on the site of Monte Verde.
Since 2004, it has been recognized as a World Heritage Site because of the importance of the discoveries that have been made there. Discovered by Professor Tom Dillehay of the University of Kentucky, the presence of human beings was confirmed there about 12,000 to 15,000 years ago, making it one of the oldest settlements in America.
Thanks to the peat bog that covers it, the organic matter has been preserved to the present day. Research has also revealed animal skins, berries, edible seeds, stems, mushrooms and potatoes. Researchers also discovered many objects made of wood or stone, such as mortars, sticks, lances and spear tips .
The most surprising is a human foot print (probably that of a child) preserved in clay.
New excavations have been launched since 1997. These would show that the hearth dates back at least 33,000 or 35,000 years, which would call into question the history of the settlement of the Americas.
These dates coincide with those of the Luzia skeleton or the Pedra Furada site in Brazil, Cerro Toluquilla and Hueyatlaco in Mexico, or Topper and the Pendejo cave in the United States.